Periodontal disease is a disease that affects the structures around your teeth, helping to support them. These include your gum tissues, the ligaments holding teeth in the sockets, and the bone around your teeth. Periodontics is where specialist dentists known as periodontists treat and prevent gum disease. Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth. Our periodontists at dentistry in Astoria, NY can provide effective treatment for advanced periodontal disease, but the best approach is preventative treatment.